Global Peace Index 2019

The Global Peace Index 2019 (GPI) report finds that the average level of global peacefulness improved very slightly. This is the first time the index has improved in five years. The average country score improved by 0.09%, with 86 countries improving, and 76 recording deteriorations. The 2019 GPI reveals a world in which the conflicts and crises that emerged in the past decade have begun to abate, but new tensions within and between nations have emerged.

 
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Improvements in Peace

Ukraine shows the largest improvement in peace due to a drop in conflict deaths domestically and significant reductions in terrorism, incarceration and population displacement. Despite this, Ukraine ranks amongst the 20 least peaceful countries. In the Middle East, Egypt is showing its first improvement since 2015. The country remains significantly less peaceful than before the Arab Spring, but this year shows a reduction in intensity and deaths related to domestic conflicts following increased security efforts.

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Global Trends

Despite this year’s improvement, the world remains considerably less peaceful now than a decade ago, with the average level of peacefulness deteriorating by 3.78 per cent since 2008. Global peacefulness has only improved for three of the last ten years.

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Improvements & deteriorations

Four of the nine regions in the world improved in peacefulness in 2019: Russia and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, Europe, and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Russia and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, and MENA recorded improvements across all three GPI domains.

 

86

Improvements

The number of countries that became more peaceful in 2019 than 2018.

35%

economic cost of violence (% gdp)

The average economic cost in the ten countries most affected by violence.

-0.09

Overall average change(%)

The global GPI average improved 0.09 per cent from 2018 to 2019.

Global Economic Impact of Violence

The global economic impact of violence improved for the first time since 2012, decreasing by 3.3 per cent and amounting to $14.1 trillion in constant purchasing power parity (PPP) terms in 2018. This is equivalent to 11.2 per cent of the world’s GDP or $1,853 per person. The decline in the economic impact of violence is reflective of the improvement in global peacefulness.

 

climate change and peace

The effects of climate change pose a major challenge to peacefulness in the coming decade. The effects of climate shocks on resource scarcity, livelihood security and displacement can greatly increase the risk of future violent conflict.

 

wellbeing: feelings of life satisfaction

There have been increases in average feelings of life satisfaction and wellbeing, perceptions of safety, and confidence in the local police and military, despite the last decade showing a decline in peacefulness around the world.

 
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global peace index 2019

The 2019 GPI reveals a world in which the conflicts and crises that emerged in the past decade have begun to abate, but new tensions within and between nations have emerged.